然而，当弗吉尼亚州尚蒂利的高中毕业班学生彼得·康(Peter Kang)上周在自己的Facebook上看到一篇《纽约时报》文章，从中了解到这位名叫奥格丝塔·乌瓦曼祖-纳(Augusta Uwamanzu-Nna)的学生后，他发出的是一通怨言。
招生专家提到了一种叫做“入学申请通胀”的趋势。学生提交申请的数量之多是空前的。据大学招生咨询协会(National Association for College Admission Counseling)的统计，1990年只有9%的学生会申请七所或更多的学校。到了2013年，这个比例已经上升到32%。
“大学喜欢大肆宣传自己的申请人数屡创新高，”纽约州波基普西市玛利亚教会学院(Marist College)的本科生招生主任肯特·莱因哈特(Kent Rinehart)说。“他们喜欢拒绝更多学生。这对它们的毕业生来说是好事，对在校生来说是好事，对学校的排名和评级也有好处。”
Long Island High School Student Sweeps All Eight Ivies
By MIKE McPHATEAPRIL 6, 2016
As a Long Island high school student checked her phone for the results of her college admissions applications, she was overcome by disbelief.
One by one, each relayed the same news: Harvard. Yes. Dartmouth. Yes. Princeton. Yes. The University of Pennsylvania. Yes. Cornell, Yale, Columbia, Brown: yes, yes, yes, yes.
It was March 31, the emotion-filled day when Ivy League universities posted their decisions online. And Augusta Uwamanzu-Nna, a senior at Elmont Memorial High School, became the second student there to pull off an exceedingly rare feat: She swept all eight.
She screamed. Then she cried.
“It’s so surreal,” Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna, 17, said on Wednesday. “It’s still hard to actually believe that this has happened to me.”
The accomplishment is all the more remarkable given the increasingly fierce competition that has driven down acceptance rates at selective universities for years. Harvard’s, for example, was 5.2 percent this year, down from 9.3 percent in 2006. News reports suggest that just a few students pull off a sweep each year.
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What’s more, Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna (pronounced oo-wah-man-ZOO-nah) is just the latest student from her school to do it. In 2015, Harold Ekeh drew national headlines when he was accepted to 13 universities, including all eight Ivies.
Elmont officials said Mr. Ekeh, now a freshman at Yale, had been a huge inspiration to other students. He is also close friends with Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna.
She proposed the idea of applying to all eight universities to her counselor at the start of the school year.
“I actually encouraged her,” the counselor, Sanju Liclican, said, “because I knew she could do it.”
Many admissions advisers, however, discourage the practice.
Dean Skarlis, president of the counseling service College Advisor of New York, said that even exceptional students were better off applying to only a few Ivy League schools, along with several “probables” and a couple of safety schools.
“Just because, with their acceptance rates between 4 and 12 percent, if you put all those eggs in those baskets — most kids don’t get any if they apply,” he said. “It’s extremely competitive.”
Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna, however, had a lot going for her — a better-than-perfect grade point average, made possible by taking the hardest classes, and the distinctions of being both valedictorian of her class and a finalist in the prestigious Intel Science Talent Search.
Her scientific pedigree most likely represented a crucial advantage since universities are seeking to usher more women into the sciences, said Kat Cohen, the chief executive of the admissions counseling service IvyWise.
“She wasn’t only a very bright girl. She had real hands on science research,” Dr. Cohen said. “That definitely, definitely, definitely makes her stand out.”
Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna also presented a compelling personal story. As the daughter of Nigerian emigrants, she shared something with many of the Ivy League sweepers in recent years. They tend to have immigrant backgrounds.
American universities, especially the Ivies, have been placing greater emphasis on diversifying their student populations, admissions counselors say.
“They are very concerned about racial and ethnic diversity,” Mr. Skarlis said. “They would rather have the Latino kid from the Bronx who has overcome something significant in his life, rather than the upper-middle-class or more affluent white student.”
Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna said she was shocked to get into so many colleges: In addition to the Ivies, she won admission to Johns Hopkins University, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, New York University and the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
If Ms. Uwamanzu-Nna is favoring any one in particular, she isn’t telling. She said she wanted to pursue biochemistry and environmental science, and planned to research the 12 universities and visit their campuses soon.
It’s overwhelming, she said. “I have a really big decision to make.”
She has until May 1 to pick just one.